Table of Contents



1-6.1       Regular School Board Meetings

1-6.2       Agenda Preparation and Dissemination

1-6.3       Quorum / Call To Order

1-6.4       Rules of Order

1-6.5       Board Minutes and Recording Votes

1-6.6       Voting Method

1-6.7       Special School Board Meetings

1-6.8       Citizen Participation




            Closed Session


            Closed meetings may be held only in accordance with Virginia law, including for the following purposes:


1.   Discussion, consideration or interviews of prospective candidates for employment; assignment, appointment, promotion, performance, demotion, salaries, disciplining or resignation of officers, appointees or employees of the School Board.  Any teacher shall be permitted to be present during a closed meeting in which there is a discussion or consideration of a disciplinary matter which involves the teacher and some student or students and the student or students involved in the matter are present, provided the teacher makes a written request to be present to the Chairman of the School Board.

2.   Discussion or consideration of admission or disciplinary matters concerning any student in the Hanover County Public Schools. However, any such student, legal counsel and, if the student is a minor, the student's parents or legal guardians, shall be permitted to be present during the taking of testimony or presentation of evidence at a closed meeting, if such student, parents or guardians so request in writing and such request is submitted to the chairman of the School Board.

3.   Discussion or consideration of the acquisition of real property for a public purpose, or of the disposition of publicly held real property, where discussion in an open meeting would adversely affect the bargaining position or negotiating strategy of the School Board.

4.   The protection of the privacy of individuals in personal matters not related to public business.

5.   Discussion concerning a prospective business or industry or the expansion of an existing business or industry where no previous announcement has been made of the business' or industry's interest in locating or expanding its facilities in the community.

6.   Discussion or consideration of the investment of public funds where competition or bargaining is involved, where, if made public initially, the financial interest of the School Board would be adversely affected.

7.   Consultation with legal counsel and briefings by staff members or consultants, pertaining to actual or probable litigation, where such consultation or briefing in open meeting would adversely affect the negotiating or litigating posture of the School Board; and consultation with legal counsel employed or retained by the School Board regarding specific legal matters requiring the provision of legal advice by counsel.  For the purposes of this subdivision “probable litigation” means litigation which has been specifically threatened or on which the public body or its legal counsel has a reasonable basis to believe will be commenced by or against a known party.  Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to permit the closure of a meeting merely because an attorney representing the School Board is in attendance or is consulted on a matter.

8.   Discussion or consideration of honorary degrees or special awards.

9.   Discussion or consideration of tests or examinations or other documents excluded from public disclosure under Virginia Code § 2.2-3705(A)(11).

10.   Discussion of strategy with respect to the negotiation of a hazardous waste siting agreement or to consider the terms, conditions, and provisions of a  hazardous waste siting agreement if the School Board in open meeting finds that an open meeting will have an adverse effect upon the negotiating position of the School Board or the establishment of the terms, conditions and provisions of the siting agreement, or both.  All discussions with the applicant or its representatives may be conducted in a closed meeting.

11.   Discussion or consideration of medical or mental records excluded from disclosure under Virginia Code § 2.2-3705(A)(5).

12.   Discussion of plans to protect public safety as it relates to terrorist activity and briefings by staff members, legal counsel, or law-enforcement or emergency service officials concerning actions taken to respond to such activity or a related threat to public safety; or discussion of reports or plans related to the security of any governmental facility, building or structure, or the safety of persons using such facility, building or structure.

13.   Discussion of consideration of records excluded from mandatory disclosure pursuant to subdivision 11 of VA Code § 2.2-3705.6 (the Public Private Education Facilities and Infrastructure Act) by the School Board or any independent review panel appointed to review information and advise the School Board concerning such records.

14.   Discussion of the award of a pubic contract involving the expenditure of public funds, including interviews of bidders or offerors, and discussion of the terms or scope of such contract, where discussion in an open session would adversely affect the bargaining position or negotiating strategy of the School Board.


            No resolution, ordinance, rule, contract, regulation or motion adopted, passed or     agreed to in a closed meeting shall become effective unless the School Board, following the meeting, reconvenes in open meeting and takes a vote of the membership on such resolution, ordinance, rule, contract, regulation or motion which shall have its substance reasonably identified in the open meeting.


            Calling and Certification of Executive Sessions


1.       No  closed meeting shall be held unless the School Board has taken an affirmative recorded vote in an open meeting approving a motion which (i) identifies the subject matter, (ii) states the purpose of the meeting, and (iii) makes specific reference to the applicable exemption or exemptions from open meeting requirements provided in § 2.2-3711 or subsection A of  § 2.2-3712.   The matters contained in such motion shall be set forth in detail in the minutes of the opening meeting.  A general reference to the provisions of the Virginia Freedom of Information Act, the authorized exemptions from open meeting requirements, or the subject matter of the closed meeting shall not be sufficient to satisfy the requirements for holding a closed meeting.

2.       The notice provisions of this policy shall not apply to closed meetings of the School Board held solely for the purpose of interviewing candidates for the position of division superintendent.  Prior to any such closed meeting for the purpose of interviewing candidates, the School Board shall announce in an open meeting that such closed meeting shall be held at a disclosed or undisclosed location within fifteen days thereafter.

3.       The School Board holding a closed meeting shall restrict its discussion during the closed meeting only to those matters specifically exempted under the Virginia Freedom of Information Act and identified in the motion required by paragraph A.

4.       At the conclusion of the closed meeting, the School Board shall immediately reconvene in an open meeting and shall take a roll call or other recorded vote to be included in the School Board minutes, certifying that to the best of each member's knowledge (i) only public business matters lawfully exempted from open meeting requirements, and (ii) only such public business matters as were identified in the motion by which the closed meeting was convened were heard, discussed or considered in the meeting by the School Board. Any member of the Board who believes that there was a departure from the requirements of subdivisions (i) and (ii) above, shall so state prior to the vote, indicating the substance of the departure that, in his judgment, has taken place. The statement shall be recorded in the School Board minutes.

5.       Failure of the certification required by subsection D to receive the affirmative vote of a majority of the members of the School Board present during a meeting shall not affect the validity or confidentiality of such meeting with respect to matters considered therein in compliance with these provisions.  The recorded vote and any statement made in connection therewith, shall upon proper authentication, constitute evidence in any proceeding brought to enforce these provisions.

6.       The School Board may permit non-members to attend a closed meeting if such persons are deemed necessary or if their presence will reasonably aid the School Board in its consideration of a topic which is a subject of the meeting.

7.       Except as specifically authorized by law, in no event may the School Board take action on matters discussed in any closed meeting, except at an open meeting for which notice was given as required by Virginia Code § 2.2-3711.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 2.2-3700 through 2.2-3714, 22.1‑69, 22.1‑72.


Recodified:  August 2000

Amended:  April 16, 2002, July 10, 2007








            An agenda shall be mailed to all Hanover County School Board members and the press at least three days prior to a regularly scheduled School Board meeting. The preparation of the agenda shall be the responsibility of the School Board Chairman with the assistance of the division superintendent. Any member of the School Board may submit items for inclusion on the agenda.  School Board members are discouraged from adding items to the agenda on the date of the meeting.


            A copy of the agenda packet and materials shall be made available for inspection by the public at the same time such documents are furnished to the School Board members unless the materials are exempt under the Virginia Freedom of Information Act.


            Order of Business


            The normal order of business at regular School Board meetings shall be as follows:


            1.  Call to Order

            2.  Closed Meeting

            3.  Approval of Minutes

            4.  Special Recognition and Announcements

            5.  Citizens’ Delegations

            6.  Instructional Highlights

            7.  Consent Agenda

            8.  Action Items

            9.  Information/Discussion Items

            10. Materials for Board Review

            11. Schedule of Topics for Next Board Meeting

            12. Closed Meeting (if necessary)

            13. Adjournment


            Notification of School Board Meetings                       


            The division superintendent or his designee shall give advance notice of regular and special meetings of the School Board by placing the notice (1) in a prominent location at which notices are regularly posted, and (2) in the office of the clerk of the School Board.  Notice shall include the date, time, and location and tentative agenda of such meetings and shall be posted at least three working days prior to the meetings.


            Notice shall be furnished to any citizen who requests such information. Requests to be notified on a continual basis shall be made at least once a year in writing and shall include the name of the requesting party, address, zip code, telephone number, and organization, if any.


            Notice, reasonable under the circumstances, of special or emergency meetings shall be given contemporaneously with the notice provided to members of the School Board.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 22.1-72, 22.1-78, 2.1-343.


Recodified:  August 2000

Amended:  August 8, 2006









            At any meeting of the Hanover County School Board, a majority of the School Board members shall constitute a quorum.  Should a quorum not be assembled at the hour appointed, the members present shall be competent to adjourn from time to time in order that an opportunity may be given for a quorum to assemble.


            Call to Order


            Should a quorum be assembled at the hour and place appointed for the meeting, the Chairman, or in the absence of the Chairman the Vice-Chairman, shall assume the chair and declare the meeting in order.  Should a quorum be assembled at the hour appointed and the Chairman and Vice-Chairman be absent, a member nominated shall serve during the meeting or until the Chairman or Vice-Chairman shall appear.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 22.1-73, 22.1-78, 22.1-79.


Recodified:  August 2000







            In the absence of any specific rule, “Robert’s Rules of Order Revised” shall be considered the governing authority on parliamentary law.  Specific rules of order of the Hanover County School Board are as follows:


1.       It shall be the duty of the Chairman or presiding officer at all times to preserve order and to endeavor to conduct all business before the School Board with propriety and dispatch.

2.       When any business is brought regularly before the School Board, the consideration of the same cannot be interrupted except by a motion:  for adjournment, to lie on the table, for the previous question, for commitment, or for amendment.

3.       The chairman may speak to points of order in preference to other School Board members, and shall decide questions of order subject to an appeal to the School Board by any two members.

4.       A motion made must be seconded and then repeated distinctly by the Chairman or read aloud before it is debated; and every motion shall be reduced to writing if the Chairman or any of the School Board members requires it.

5.       Any School Board member who shall have made a motion shall have liberty to withdraw it, with the consent of his second, before any debate has taken place thereon.  He may not withdraw his motion after debate is had without leave being granted by the School Board.

6.       An amendment may be moved on any motion and shall be decided before the original motion.  No more than one amendment to an amendment shall be entertained.

7.       If the motion under debate is composed of two or more parts which are so far independent of each other as to be susceptible of division into several questions, any two School Board members may have it divided and a vote taken on each part.

8.       A motion once voted down cannot be renewed at the same meeting of the School Board without the consent of a majority of the members of the School Board.

9.       If any member considers himself aggrieved by a decision of the Chairman, it shall be his privilege to appeal to the School Board and the vote on such appeal shall be taken without debate.

10.   When the Chairman has commenced taking a vote, no further debate or remark shall be admitted unless there has evidently been some mistake, in which case the mistake shall be rectified and the Chairman shall recommence taking the vote.

11.   A motion for adjournment shall always be in order and shall be decided without debate, except that it cannot be entertained when the School Board is voting on another question or while a member is addressing the School Board.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 22.1-78, 22.1-79.


Recodified:  August 2000







            Board Minutes


            The official minutes of the Hanover County School Board shall be recorded by the clerk, approved by the School Board in regular session, signed by the clerk and Chairman of the Board, stored in a safe place and shall be made available for general public examination during the hours when the School Board office is regularly open to the public.


            Content and Style


            In content and style, the official minutes shall be as brief and simple as possible and still retain the essential facts of each meeting.  A record of all motions and amendments thereto which are offered, the disposition thereof and the vote thereon, shall be recorded.  All matters required by law, schedules of accounts and bills acted upon and approved by the School Board shall be properly recorded.  A record of all persons making presentations and the subject of their presentation shall be noted.  All items not specifically noted here but required by law or recommended by auditors or by the opinions of the Virginia Attorney General's Office shall be recorded.


            Procedures for Approval


            Following proper editing, the unofficial minutes shall be sent to School Board members prior to the next regular School Board meeting.  Minutes of the previous School Board meeting shall not be read to the School Board except for the purposes of corrections or omissions.  An early procedural matter on the agenda shall be the adoption of the minutes of the previous meeting.


            With prior approval of the School Board, the clerk may have School Board minutes microfilmed after a ten-year (10-yr.) period and the originals transferred to the Virginia State Library as provided by applicable law.  Disposal of these records shall be recorded in the official minutes of the School Board.


Recording Votes


            All matters voted on by the School Board shall be recorded in the minutes by the clerk as passed or defeated.  Voting shall be by voice, aye or no, unless there be a negative or abstaining vote, in which case the Chairman may call for a poll of the School Board.  A poll of the School Board shall be made at the request of any School Board member.  Except as otherwise required by law or School Board Policy all matters shall be passed when they have received the affirmative vote of a majority of the members present.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 2.1-341, 2.1-342, 22.1-74, 42.1-86.01.


Recodified:  August 2000







            The official vote on all decisions by the Hanover County School Board including unanimous votes, shall be recorded in the official minutes. The minutes of the meeting shall reflect the method and result of all votes.


            In any case in which there shall be a tie vote of the School Board when all members are not present, the question shall be passed by until the next meeting when it shall again be voted upon even though all members are not present.  In complying with this procedure, or in any case in which there is a tie vote when all the members of the School Board are present, the clerk shall record the vote and the School Board Chairman shall immediately notify the tie breaker, if any, to give the casting vote in case of a tie as provided in Virginia Code § 22.1-75.  If no tie breaker has been appointed as authorized by state law, any tie vote shall defeat the motion, resolution or issue voted upon.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 22.1-44, 22.1-75.


Recodified:  August 2000







            The Hanover County School Board may hold special meetings when necessary.  These meetings shall be held when called by the Chairman or when requested by two or more School Board members.  Special meetings may be called provided each member is duly notified or a reasonable attempt has been made to notify each member.  Notice of special meetings, reasonable under the circumstances, shall be given to the media and to those citizens who have requested regular notification of meetings contemporaneously with the notice provided to members of the School Board.


            Business that does not come within the purposes set forth in the call of the meeting shall not be transacted at any special meeting of the School Board unless the quorum present is in unanimous agreement to consider additional items of business.



LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 2.2-3707, 22.1‑69, 22.1‑72.


Recodified:  August 2000, Amended July 16, 2003







            Presentations to the Board


            The public and members of the Hanover County Public Schools staff, as individuals or as members of an employee organization, shall have an opportunity to make presentations to the Hanover County School Board; provided, however, that the School Board does not hereby obligate itself to act on any request or proposal, whether or not it is informal or formal, in writing or verbal.  The School Board reserves the right to limit presentations and to refuse to hear those coming from the floor of a School Board meeting without advance notice.


            Advance Request Procedure


A person who wishes to address the School Board should make his request, preferably in writing, by 10:00 a.m. the day before the scheduled regular School Board meeting.


            Recognition from the Floor


Recognition from the floor in the case where no advance request was made by the person desiring recognition will be granted at a specific time during the meeting at the discretion of the School Board Chairman.


            Addressing the Board


Upon recognition by the chairman, the speaker should clearly state his name, address and the subject of his remarks.  He shall address himself to the Chairman.  At the conclusion of his remarks, if any School Board member desires further information, said Board Member shall address the speaker only with the permission of the Chairman.  The courtesy of the School Board shall be extended to the speaker and the speaker shall respect the privilege extended by the School Board.  Resort to personalities will be ruled out of order as will the use of intemperate, abusive, and defamatory language.


The division superintendent shall respond by letter to delegations on behalf of the Board.  Questions submitted at a public hearing will be recorded and responses will be placed in the public schools and county libraries.


            Time Limitations


The time allotted to any speaker shall be three minutes, except that a motion to extend the time shall be in order and a majority vote by the School Board members present shall be necessary to carry the motion.


            Complaints Regarding Students or Employees of the Board


The School Board shall not honor any request of the individuals or groups who desire to discuss or present complaints against students or School Board employees, either singularly or collectively, until or unless such complainants have gone through the proper channels and the division superintendent has received the complaint in writing.

The Chairman shall rule such speaker to be out of order until he has complied with the guidelines established in the preceding paragraph.  No complaint against employees or individuals will be heard except in executive session.


LEGAL REFERENCE:  Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, §§ 22.1-78, 22.1-79.


Recodified:  August 2000